Cloth Embossing Press
Used to create the raised pattern on book cloth. The machine would have two, or more, steel rollers that would be heated by gas. One roller would have engraved design and second roller (covered with cotton or paper) would accommodate the design. Cloth would be fed between the rollers and the design would be imparted, in relief, on to the cloth.
Cutting Machine / Plow
Signature Beating Hammer
For centuries bookbinders would beat the thick hand made paper that made up book signatures to remove the swell (sponginess). These 5 to 14 lb hammers are not to be confused with the much lighter rounding and backing hammers.
American Arming Press
American made stamping press. Sanborn or similar Called: Arming Press, Embossing Press, Stamping Press these machines would create the richly embossed book covers that make the nineteenth century book unique.
Signature Rolling Machine
The first piece of “modern” bookbinding equipment. Developed in the 1820’s to flatten signatures prior to sewing. Replaced the hammering or ‘beating’ of signatures to reduce swell (see beating hammer, above).
Smyth, Number Three, Sewing Machine
This is the earliest successful book sewing machine. We have recently acquired an early non-operational example of this sewing machine. We are now looking for spare parts to make this machine operational.
Library and Archive Wanted
- Photographs of bookbinders, binderies or bindings
- Signed bindings, particularly American
- Bindings that illustrate quality of workmanship
- Bindings illustrating unusual materials or techniques
- Bookbinding manuals or hand written descriptions of how to bind books
- Books or periodicals related to bookbinding not already held by the museum
- Equipment catalogues, operating manuals, instructions or parts manuals
- Manuscripts: letters, journals, documents related to bookbinders or bookbinding
- Sample books: cloth, leather or paper samples
- Oral histories of bookbinders
- Bookbinder’s Tickets or labels
- Images of bookbinders; photographs, engravings, or drawings
- Women in the bookbinderies: photographs, engravings, drawings, documents, letters
- Labor Unions: photographs, ephemera, badges, literature, certificates
- Company histories
- Ephemera and paraphernalia related to binderies: advertisement, signage, letterhead, invoices, price lists of services
- Archives of personal and business papers of bookbinders: letters, letterheads, invoices from bookbinders, account books, ledger books
- Advertisements for binderies or bookbinding equipment
- Smyth # 3 sewing machine parts
- Early American stamping press. Sanborn or similar
- Signature rolling machine: Similar in appearance to a wringer, this machine has two steel rollers probably 8-14″ in diameter and was used to flatten signatures prior to sewing.
- Cloth embossing machine: used to impart patterns to book cloth
- Early Dexter folder
- Stabbing machine: smaller machine with a handle or foot peddle with several nail like punches. used to stab hole in side of book for side sewing
- Beating hammer, usually 12 to 14 lbs, used to hammer the folds in hand made paper (not to be confused with a backing hammer)
- Early charcoal stove used to heat finishing tools
- Cast Iron glue pot