Geer's Hartford Connecticut 1828 Business Directory, pg.15. Silas Andrus began as a bookbinder and bookseller about 1815, and started publishing for himself about 1820, pirating some uncopyrighted works and issuing several editions of the Bible. He continued in various partnerships until 1839, when he went bankrupt. He was still publishing in 1855 as Silias Andrus & Son. Tebbel, A History of Book Publishing in the United States, vol.1. Pg. 239.